Roofing Materials

Discover the main roofing materials in this section. We’ve broken it done by the material for the roofing and then we provide information on the types or styles of roofs. Find a general description of each roof material, along with a link to an article.

Explore Roofing Materials

Aluminum Roofs – Aluminum is a cheaper than copper or lead roofing, although more expensive than asphalt shingles. However, it is very easy to take care of, and resistant to different types of weather, including harsh sunlight, and excessive moisture.

Asphalt Shingle Roof – Many homes in America feature asphalt shingle roofing. They offer an affordable way to protect your home and investment. The two most common types are composition shingles and fiberglass-base shingles.

Bamboo Roofing – This material is not often seen in the United States, but they are certainly an environmentally friendly alternative. They have a high cost, but have a number of benefits that may make the increased cost worthwhile.

Built Up Roof – One of the oldest materials and is considered a reliable, if somewhat outdated, option. It is known by multiple names, including a tar and gravel and composite roofing. Explore the basics, a breakdown of costs involved and the advantages to this selection.

Cedar Shake Roof – These can truly add an upscale and rich look to your home, although that interesting and natural look does also come with a somewhat steep price tag. Weigh the pros and cons of cedar shakes to decide if it is the right option.

Ceramic Tile Roof – This is a great choice for new construction and replacement roofing. This type of roof can enhance the look and longevity of your home – discover more about the designs and costs of a ceramic tile.

Clay Tile Roof – This material has been used for centuries, but today is most popular in the Southwest of the United States. Clay tiles are also well suited to hot climates, but can be installed just about anywhere using modern technology.

Clay vs. Concrete Roof Tiles – Choosing between concrete roof tiles vs. clay tiles requires learning a little bit about each type of material, including the advantages and disadvantages of both. You might also choose to decide whichever type of material you like the look of better.

Composite Roofing Shingles – These are one of the most popular roofing options for homeowners. They are made from a variety of different materials combined together into a single shingle, and this combination of the various materials typically offers enhanced performance attributes over the materials on an individual basis.

Composite Roofing – Composite roofing is a relatively new material that combines durability, economy, safety, and aesthetic versatility. Composite roofing can give you the security that you demand in a roof. Your roof protects your family and possessions from dangers as varied as inclement weather and intruders.

Concrete Tile Roof – These are formed from a mixture of cement, sand, limestone and water. The exact concrete mixtures vary, but all contain some mixture of cement, ash, sand and other binding materials. This style is long lasting and durable; with the right customization they can look fantastic.

Cool Roofs – These reflect sunlight and heat instead of absorb the heat as with more traditional roofing materials. By not absorbing the heat, which then transfers that heat to the home, they cut down significantly on energy costs and keep homes cooler in the hot summer months. Discover more about this environmentally sound and cost effective alternative.

Copper Roofs – These can either be made from shingles or panels, cost quite a lot and last for a really long time. Discover the costs, benefits and disadvantages of copper roofing.

Corrugated Roofing – It is a general term used to describe a variety of roofing materials that have a groove and ridge pattern that comes as panels or sheets. It is available in a wide variety of materials, designs and colors.

Fiberglass Roof – A synthetic material, these offer a number of benefits and great versatility for homeowners. Discover both the good and the bad to using fiberglass style roofing.

Foam Roof – These are sprayed on using a polyurethane mixture that forms a protective barrier over the existing roofing to fill in all crevices or cracks. In addition, they can save homeowners lots on their cooling bills, improve drainage and can easily be integrated with solar panels to help the environment and the checkbook.

Galvanized Steel Roof – This guide should supply the pertinent info you need to know in order to help you make your roofing decision an easier one. Learn the costs, how to paint, pros and cons of galvanized steel.

Lead Roofing – This was once a fairly common material for flat or low sloped pitches. Today it is rarely used as a primary material, although it is used for certain flashing, as a protective coating for sandstone or copper (especially in preservation work) due to the fact that it doesn’t corrode nearly as quickly and does not create stains from water run offs as many other materials do.

Living Roofs – This may seem like an odd concept at first glance, but the approach is gaining popularity for a growing number of homeowners. Consisting of a waterproof roof barrier and covered with a layer of soil and plants, this approach has been used in many cultures throughout history.

More On This Topics | Living Roof Design | Living Roof Systems

Additional Roofing Materials

Metal Roofs – This roofing is becoming a better option for home use. There are many benefits, and the current options are much more aesthetically pleasing than their predecessors. They are easy to maintain and also extremely durable.

Modified Bitumen Roofing – This is widely used and recommended by many contractors for low sloped or flat roofs. It is very close in approach to a built up (BUR) and has some nice advantages to it.

Plastic Roofing – This is becoming a great alternative to more traditional roofing materials. The material is versatile, durable and is especially suited to locations with wide temperature ranges. Discover the basics, prices and benefits.

PVC Roofing – This is a membrane or sheathing material that has been used in the United States since the 1970s. Used only on low sloped or flat surfaces – the material is reliable, can last for a relatively long time and is available in a variety of thicknesses and colors that can be a good option for many homeowners.

Reflective Roof Coatings – When designing an energy efficient home, reflective coatings are a powerful addition to the architect’s arsenal. They reduce the amount of heat absorbed and reduce the summer cooling costs. Sometimes called cool roofs, these coatings come in a wide variety of colors and styles to match any home.

Rubber Roof | EPDM Roofs – As with any type of roofing material, there are benefits and drawbacks. Learn more about the pros, cons and cost factors for rubber roofing shingles and sheets.

Spanish Tile Roof – These are one of the more popular roofing tile across the United States. Spanish tiles have been used for centuries in Europe and have a long standing tradition as a graceful and timeless option. Today, this classic looking roof utilizes strong, modern materials that can last for 75 years or more.

Shingle Roofing – Shingles offer great performance for a reasonable price. The quality and composition of shingles varies widely; compare composite, organic, fiberglass and wood shingles.

Slate Roofs – They are one of the most durable and attractive options today. The strength of the material and the beauty of natural slate makes it a popular choice for upscale homes and buildings.

Stainless Steel Roof – This is one of the strongest and most durable types of metal roofing that money can buy. You can expect a stainless steel to last for an entire century. Stainless steel is an extremely expensive material, and it takes longer to install which can drive up your costs.

Standing Seam Roofing – These are continuous panels that run from the roof’s ridge to eave. Typically these are metal and use long vertical panels that are connected by fasteners or are sealed together to eliminate moisture from getting under the paneling. They have many advantages, including high durability, requiring little maintenance, being quite energy efficient and can last up to 80 years or more.

Synthetic Slate Roofing – This is a beautiful roofing option that has many attributes that make it a desirable material, even over authentic slate roofs. While it isn’t cheap, it makes up for it in appearance, durability, longevity and safety.

Tar And Gravel Roof – These were fairly common several decades ago for flat or low slopes and is also commonly referred to as a built up. These are becoming more and more rare as they are not typically used on new construction because they do not hold up as well as more modern approaches.

Thatched Roof – This is a great choice for new construction and replacement roofing. Discover more about the designs and costs of thatched options.

Tile Roofs – These have a unique a look and feel that gives a home character. While they are uncommon in some areas, in the Southwest tile roofs can be seen everywhere.

Tin Roofs – These can create a very distinctive look that can take on a modern or more rustic appearance. For the most part, they are amalgams, meaning that they use tin along with additional materials such as lead, steel and even copper.

Torch Down Roof – While it is not one of the most common types of roofing, it is simply a name for rubberized asphalt. Torch down is the most common materials used on flat surfaces and is ideal for flat or slightly sloped surfaces.

Wood Shake Roof – These are extremely beautiful yet many people are afraid to install them in their home due to the amount of the maintenance they require. Their look is well worth the extra trouble, because they are a blend of traditional and organic materials, yet give your home a high end look.